Applying the stain

Sand the wood surface thoroughly and evenly and remove dust from the surface immediately before applying the stain. It is recommended that you sand the wood first in the direction of the grain and then perpendicular to the grain. The prepared surface must be clean, as a soiled surface will not absorb the wood stain evenly and the stained surface may fail to have the desired effect.

Wood stain colour


As a stain is a transparent material, the following factors have an influence on the final hue of the stained surface:

  • the underlying surface– the same stain may look very different when applied to birch and oak, especially in the case of lighter colours;
  • sanding technique – sanding affects the visual quality of the stained surface as well as the absorbency of the wood surface;
  • amount of stain applied– the more stain is applied, the darker the ultimate colour;
  • stain technique – above all, the quantity of the stain applied depends on the method of application; 
  • the greatest amount of stain per area is generally applied in the case of dipping and flow-coating;
  • finish applied to the stain – solvent-based lacquers leave the surface more yellowish than water-based lacquers, and a lacquer with a high filler content applied to darker surfaces can make the surface look hazy.

To avoid disagreements between customers and stain users when it comes to colour, the colour must be approved by the customer according to a standard sample. The sample for the standard should be made by the person using the stain as it gives the most accurate idea of the end result. Colour charts on a computer screen, printout or even wood surface provide guidance.


It is important that the stain colour be checked as work proceeds. For instance, if the stain has not been mixed thoroughly when a new package was opened, colour differences can result. The stain colour should also be checked whenever technical parameters change (method of application, flow rate, spray jets, spray pressure etc).


Note: Due to technical reasons, the colours depicted on the screen are only for illustrative purposes. To obtain the desired result, we advise staining a test area before starting work. We offer 0.25 litre stain samples free of charge to industrial consumers, designers and architects for test stains.


The following table with RAL tones gives you an idea of how your monitor displays scanned tones, and allows you to configure your screen if necessary.


     RAL 1000      RAL 1002      RAL 1003      RAL 1037      RAL 2008      RAL 2012      RAL 3002      RAL 5007


     RAL 6016      RAL 6018      RAL 6019       RAL 8004      RAL 8012       RAL 8015       RAL 9002       RAL 9005